The idea was already in the pipeline but this time, the gestation is over for these French researchers who have just filed this week the patent for a candidate vaccine against Covid-19, administered by the nasal route, blocking the infection. at his stage initial.
According to the National Research Institute for, food and the environment (INRAE), the pre-clinical tests of this made of viral, encapsulated in nanoparticles based on starch and , showed “very positive” results in mice and golden hamsters. have not yet been published in a scientific journal, however.
According to INRAE and the University of Tours, the added value of this vaccine lies in its ability to cut transmission between individuals, by acting directly on thenasal. ” Unlike intramuscular vaccines, only nasal administration vaccines would be able to prevent the presence of in the , initial stage of infection. They indeed induce at the level of , entry point and place of multiplication of the virus “, Explain the researchers in a press release.
Promising results on animals
« Experiments have shown that the vaccine stops the disease very early.. I work on animals that are infected: two days later, I notice that the in the is explosive. If I look at the same on animals that have been vaccinated and infected, I cannot find any trace of the virus in the lungs. », Specifies the head of the BioMAP research team Isabelle Dimier-Poisson.
This vaccine without, which relies on researchers and industrialists based in France, could also serve as a in the population already vaccinated ” to prevent disease transmission “. According to the researcher, BioMAP succeeded in obtaining “ 100% survival »On mice vaccinated and then infected with , versus ” 100% mortality On unvaccinated mice.
The research team hopes to start as soon asthe production phase with a view to a clinical phase in the second half of 2022. The marketing is scheduled for 2023. ” Technically, the vaccine will be administered using a small adapter placed at the end of a needleless syringe, allowing within the », Specified INRAE.
The work of the BioMap team at Inrae and the University of Tours is based on a nanoparticle vaccine developed against, with ” 100% efficiency on ».
Interview with Isabelle Dimier-Poisson, University professor, head of the BioMAP Inrae-University of Tours research team in charge of the vaccine project. @ Inrae, YouTube