While global public opinion becomes increasingly aware of the urgency need to address climate change and protect the planet, many countries are working to move towards a more sustainable future. Among these, Italy stands out as one of the most ambitious countries in Europe in the field of ecological transition.
Italians willing to have solar parks close to home
Italians would like to have plus photovoltaic panels and wind turbineseven in the vicinity of their home. They would like to join the so-called energy communities and they would also agree that Italy reduced its dependence on fossil gas. Italian citizens seem to be quite ambitious as regards the ecological and energy transition, according to what emerges from an Ipsos survey carried out in collaboration with the European Climate Foundation, as reported by Skytg24.
Compared to the five most populous countries in Europe (Germany, France, Poland, Italy and Spain), Italy is the one where citizens are more open to a revision of the current EU target of 32% renewable energy by 2030. Almost surprisingly Italians seem to have a positive attitude towards the syndrome not in my garden “, in English NIMBY, che sta per “not in my backyard”. In practice it would be the resistance to new projects close to one’s home. The favor towards solar energy production plants is higher in Italy than in all the other countries taken into consideration: the 72% of Italians are in fact in favor of new solar panelseven in the garden behind the house, at least in words.
The ambitious environmental goals of the institutions
One of the main reasons for our country’s ambitious approach to ecological transition is Italy’s strong commitment to renewable energy. Italy has significant potential for solar and wind energy and in recent years has worked to exploit this potential. The Italian government has set the goal of producing at least 50% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2030 and is making significant investments in solar and wind to achieve this goal.
In addition to focusing on renewable energy, Italy is also taking measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote sustainable transport. The country is investing in electric and hybrid vehicles, as well as public transport infrastructure, in order to reduce dependence on fossil fuels. The Italian government has also set a target of reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030compared to 1990 levels.
Agriculture and territory an integral part of the green transition
Another aspect of Italy’s ambitious approach to the ecological transition is the country’s attention tosustainable agriculture and food production. Italy boasts a rich tradition of biological agriculture and institutions are working to support and promote this type of cultivation. This includes investment in organic agriculture research and development, as well as efforts to increase the amount of land devoted to organic agriculture.
In addition to the focus on renewable energy, sustainable transport and sustainable agriculture, Italy is also adopting measures to promote eco-friendly tourism. We are known for beautiful landscapes and cultural heritage and therefore work must be done to protect these resources while encouraging sustainable tourism practices. This includes efforts to promote sustainable transport options for touristsas well as projects to promote eco-friendly housing and activities.
The PNRR also focuses on the ecological transition
It is no coincidence that one of the main objectives of the PNRR both reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase the use of renewable energy, as described in Mission 2, which is precisely called “Green Revolution and Ecological Transition”. To achieve this goal, the National Recovery and Resilience Plan provides for a series of measures aimed at promoting the development of renewable energy sources and increasing energy efficiency. For example, the plan includes investments in solar and wind energyas well as measures to support the development of electric vehicles and other sustainable transport options.
Another important aspect of the PNRR is the protection of biodiversity. The plan includes a series of measures aimed at conserving Italy’s natural heritage and protecting its ecosystems and endangered species. For example, the PNRR includes investments in conservation programs and the creation of new protected areas.
A model that could be an example
All in all, Italy’s ambitious approach to the ecological transition could be, at least in intentions, a model for other countries to follow. The focus on renewable energy, green transport, agriculture and sustainable tourism are helping to create a more sustainable future for the country. The commitment of institutions and citizens in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and in promoting sustainable practices it is helping to pave the way for the creation of a more sustainable country. Italy’s efforts towards ecological transition are one testimony of the country’s commitment to environmental protection and in promoting a sustainable future for all.
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