At least for now, the controversies have been largely shelved over the declarations of the German ministers and the respective reactions of the First Gentlemen on fading into the future of tourism in Italy; Let’s try to understand what could happen in Italy and Europe with an increase in average temperature.
The impact of climate change on European tourism
Climate change is leading Europe to revolutionize the tourism sector. a study of JRCThe European Commission’s Science Service, which employs scientists to conduct research to provide independent scientific advice and support for EU policy, highlights An increase in temperature of 3°C or 4°C would reduce the number of summer tourists by 10%. Demand will increase by 5% in coastal areas of the south and along the northern coasts of the continent. Projections suggest that there will be a seasonal shift in demand for European tourism, with increases in spring, autumn and winter and a decrease in July.
EuropeWith 51% of international arrivals (743 million tourists in 2019), it is the most visited region in the world. Relies heavily on tourism as an economic engine, which directly generates 5% of EU GDP, Althoughrise in temperature and increased unpredictability of climate Concerted action is needed to ensure the sustainability of the tourism sector, According to the study, The overall impact on European tourism demand is estimated to increase by 1.58% in the warmest scenario (4 °C)., but the aggregated results hide great diversity in different regions. While central and northern regions of Europe will see an increase in demand Decline in demand in southern regions,
Climate Change and Effects on Coastal Areas
il Climate change then there will be one Significant impact on the seasonality of European tourismWith different effects in different regions.
- northern coastal region they will see a increasequestion of or 5% during the summer months and early autumn.
- Mediterranean coastal region they will have a problem Loss of about 10% tourists Heat, especially in warm climate scenarios (3°C and 4°C).
However, The decline in summer demand in these areas will be partially offset by an increase in tourist visits in the spring, autumn and winter. At the aggregate level, the month of April will record the largest increase in tourist inflows, which is +8.89% over the present in the 4°C scenario. The largest reduction in European tourism demand is projected for July, with values ranging from -0.06% in the 1.5°C scenario to -5.72% in the warmest climate scenario.
The way towards sustainable tourism in Europe
To keep Europe on top of the most sought-after tourist destinations, the European Commission launched a roadmap to 2022. Make a Double Change (Green and Digital) and promoting resilience in the tourism sector. The initiative focuses on a transition path that highlights the relationship between environmental sustainability of tourism and legislative initiatives for environmental protection and climate neutrality. The Council of the European Union (2022) reaffirmed the importance of flexibility and sustainability in shaping the tourism sector.EU Agenda 2030 for Tourism,
il The future of European tourism is inextricably linked The challenge of adapting to climate change and adopting sustainable practices. Only through responsible management of natural resources and a judicious approach to tourism can Europe remain an iconic destination while at the same time protecting its natural and cultural gems.
Tourism in Italy: the solution to the climate crisis
In light of these figures, what will be the consequences of global warming on the Italian tourism industry? extreme heat wavesdrought, coastal erosion and melting glaciers These are just some of the influences that are already affecting the tourist offering of this beautiful country.
therefore the temperature of the Mediterranean risesItaly is particularly vulnerable to the effects of global warming, Forecasts suggest that tourist flows to the southern regions will decline during the summer. Italy’s coasts will face competition from seaside destinations in the Atlantic and northern Europe, which will benefit from improved climatic conditions. This means that southern countries will have to adapt, promote tourism in alternative periods and extend their beauty beyond summer.
Not only is beach tourism at risk, but it is also Mountain destinations will face new challenges, with planned Reduction in snowfall across the countrySki resorts have to diversify their offer. the ski resorts of the Alpine Arc will pass through a According to a study published in Scientific Reports, a reduction of 20-40 days in annual snow cover, Skiing has been made more precarious. this could change Mountain tourism in the off-season, such as spring and autumn, when climatic conditions are still favorable for hiking and outdoor activities. To remain attractive in a changing climate context, mountain destinations have to be resilient and promote sustainable tourism with low environmental impact. This is how you can prevent it from spreading Ill Last Chance TourismNamely, direct travel to destinations threatened by global warming.
Protection of Italian tourist attractions
But how can the coasts and mountains be preserved to preserve Italy’s tourist attractiveness? have to follow them Concerted action for the protection of coastal and mountainous areas and extreme climatic events. However, these measures will require efforts at the national and institutional level, as will involve complex projects such as beach nourishment and sustainable land management.
Tackling the climate crisis requires invention and innovation. they go to find New solutions adapted to climate change and promoting sustainable tourism. Giving importance to the natural beauty and cultural heritage of our country will be important in attracting tourists at any time of the year. But apart from attractiveness, they also have to ensure the safety of the destinations. assessment of resilience and adaptation to climate change will become increasingly crucial in the choice of holidays, and italian destination they have to prove that they are Be prepared to face unexpected weather events,
The challenge of Italian tourism in the face of climate change is no small one. It is necessary to convert difficulties into opportunities. Protecting natural and historical and artistic heritage with visionary vision and concrete action Ensure a sustainable future for the Italian tourism industry,