yesterday was the day of decisions wardrobe, which approved a bill on road safety, initially proposed by Matteo Salvini, which includes serious measures against the abuse of speed cameras and a harsher policy for those who regularly violate road rules, Then new measures on migrants, due to the landings that continue to arrive in Lampedusa. Finally, a revolution in the school sector as well: restrictions on conduct grades and more school-work options. Students have already expressed their protest.
Ban cell phone use while driving and lock out alcohol for repeat offenders
There is a provision for increase in new road safety rules Restrictions for cell phone use When driving, fines can range from 422 to 1,697 euros and suspension of license for fifteen days to two months for the first offence. Repeated offense within a period of two years will result in license suspension for one to three months and a fine From 644 to 2,588 euros And 8 points were deducted from the license for the first offense and 10 points for the second. Furthermore, with regard to speed cameras, at the request of mayors, an administrative fine of up to 1,084 euros and suspension of license is expected for those who violate the speed limit within an inhabited center at least twice within a year.
The new road safety rules impose a complete ban on alcohol consumption for all drivers. Additionally, for those who are caught driving under the influence, “alcohollock”A device that prevents the engine from starting if the BAC exceeds zero.
Additionally, driving under the influence of drugs would be a crime, regardless of the driver’s condition. A positive rapid test for the presence of drugs will result in the license being withdrawn immediately and subsequently, it will be banned from being withdrawn for three years. In case of repeated offences, the license will be withdrawn for life. License suspension action will also be taken against those driving while talking on mobile phone.
More severe penalties for new drivers and if you park in a disabled space
The new rules for new drivers include increasing the period of ban on driving powerful cars after obtaining the license from one to three years. Currently, in the first three years after obtaining their license, new drivers must adhere to lower speed limits, such as no more than 100 kilometers per hour on motorways and 90 kilometers per hour on main extra-urban roads. Furthermore, the ban on alcohol consumption is complete for them, regardless of the blood alcohol limit.
Under the new code, the ban on driving powerful cars will extend to three years after obtaining a license, preventing them from driving Vehicles with specific power more than 55 kW/t for combustion engines, or 65 kW/t for electric or plug-in hybrid cars including batteries. Exceptions will be made only for transportation of people with disabilities.
The new rules on road safety provide for higher penalties for parking in spaces dedicated for disabled people and in lanes reserved for buses and local public transport. These are the changes in fines:
- For mopeds and two-wheeler motorbikes, fines for parking in spaces dedicated to disabled people will vary. from 165 to 660 euros (previously from 80 to 328 euros).
- For other vehicles, fines for similar violations will be included between 330 and 990 euros (Earlier they ranged from 165 to 660 euros).
Regarding parking in the lanes reserved for buses and public transport, there will be new restrictions:
- Mopeds and two-wheeler motorbikes will be fined from 87 to 328 euros (Previously they were between 41 and 168 euros).
- Fines will vary for other vehicles from 165 to 660 euros (previously from 87 to 344 euros).
In addition, in case of failure to comply with the obligation to give priority to pedestrian and bicycle crossings, as well as in case of violation of the ban on stopping and reserved parking, it will be possible to counter violations through remote checks. The latter will be enforced only if stalls reserved for traffic police bodies, fire fighters and rescue services, pink stalls, stalls reserved for disabled people, electric vehicles and stalls for loading/unloading goods and public transport services are improperly occupied. Will be done.
Migrant: Detention up to 18 months for return home
Ninth Only Way: New decisions on the subject of migrants also. People who enter Italy irregularly may be held in reception centers for a period of time maximum 18 months, as the main innovation of the new anti-immigration measures approved in the Council of Ministers on September 18. The decision was taken following the joint visit of Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni and European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen to the island of Lampedusa. Meloni explained how it is possible to respect this time limit, which represents the maximum allowed by current European regulations. in the beginning, Expected custody period is 6 months, but it can be extended for another 12 months, thus reaching a total of 18 months. The Prime Minister underlined that this time period is necessary not only to conduct the necessary investigations, but also to proceed with the repatriation of those who are not entitled to international protection.
In view of the increase in expected detention time, it becomes necessary to expand reception facilities. In this regard, the Prime Minister announced on the sidelines of the Council of Ministers that “Today we will order the Ministry of Defense to create structures to detain illegal immigrants as soon as possible.”
He also underlined that years of immigration policies have led to the current situation in which there are very few places available Center for Repatriation Permanency (CPR) in Italy. The new CPRs to be created will have to be located in such areas low population density, So that it can be easily perimeter-controlled and monitored. The aim is to avoid creating further inconvenience and insecurity in cities. The approved proposals will be incorporated into a southern legislative decree to take effect immediately.
School Reforms: Now we postpone with 6th
During the Council of Ministers, a school reform called “Law and Order” promoted by the Meloni government was approved. This reform includes two important changes announced by the Minister giuseppe valditara months earlier and repeated during a speech in Pontida, in which he recalled the problems that emerged from the “Revolution of ’68”. In his speech, Minister Valditara underlined the importance of reintroducing values, common sense and seriousness into society to stop the country’s decline, highlighting the important role of schools in this reform process.
School reform involves significant changes in the assessment of student behavior. The main innovation includes the reintroduction of behavioral assessment into middle schools, replacing a decision taken by Minister Valeria Fedeli in 2017, which ended the practice. The marks assigned to behavior will be expressed in tenths and will affect the overall average along with other subjects.
In high schools, grades given for conduct will have an impact on the credits required for admission to the high school leaving examination. This grade will be assessed for the entire school year in both middle school and high school. The conduct evaluation will place special emphasis on any violent or aggressive acts committed by students against teachers, school staff, and other students.
Currently, the law provides that failure after vote of 5 to conduct This is possible only in cases of serious acts of violence or crime. With this reform, it has been established that a Grade 5, and therefore resulting in failure, can also be given for serious and repeated behavior that violates institution rules. In high schools, the assignment of Grade 6 for conduct will result in educational debt in the field of civic education, which must be recovered through a test on constitutional values and citizenship values in September.
Moreover, suspension of up to 2 days will lead to more user participation Students in educational activities, Which will be assigned by the Class Council. Students must submit a critical essay at the end of these activities, which will be subject to evaluation by the Class Council.
In case of suspension lasting more than 2 days, students will be asked to complete solidarity citizenship activities at affiliated facilities, similar to socially useful tasks, such as restoring graffitied areas or volunteering in organizations such as Caritas. to do. The selection of activity will be based on the severity of the behavior that led to the suspension and will be established independently by the school.
Training courses includeSchoolwork option starting in second year, with a minimum of 400 total hours, and involving teachers from the productive and professional world to improve non-curricular teaching. This “campus” model will be created through regional agreements between schools, regional vocational training centers and its academies, which represent a post-diploma supply chain managed by foundations made up of different local entities. This approach raises some trade union concerns and may create tension with universities, as it represents a parallel channel to professional degrees.
The duration of the basic training will be four years, with the responsibility to achieve specific learning objectives and skills required for the profile in the fifth year of the curriculum. Despite this, it is guaranteed that the teaching staff will remain unchanged, even if unions express concerns about possible cuts and the entry of foreign teachers into a model that could be described as “school-company”. Students who complete professional training courses will have the opportunity to enroll in its academy, after having their education evaluated through a test designed by Invalsi.