Sustainability, energy optimization, respect for the environment and improving the quality of life are key elements in its design. ecoquartieri, A model of living based on sustainability It is spreading rapidly all over the world including Italy.
Eco-sustainable neighborhoods to reduce environmental impact
I Near Zero Energy District (NZEB) I am Eco-sustainable neighborhoods conceived and developed with an approach based on the fundamental principles of sustainability, energy efficiency and the well-being of the people who live there. In practice, they are communities where maximum efforts are made to minimize environmental impact at all stages from construction to daily living until demolition, while ensuring the maximum level of comfort for residents.
The main concept behind eco-neighborhood isBalance between human welfare and respect for the environment, Among the key elements that characterize these advanced urban spaces we find:
- energy efficiency and usage of sources of Renewable energy
- emissions reduction pollution
- reduction in land use and promotion of green spaces
- Using the Construction material buildings that are sustainable and natural
- promotion of sustainable means of travel
- low water consumption and careful management of water resources, for example through rainwater recovery and recycling systems.
- better waste managementWhich includes reusing and recycling
- Overall enhancement, promotion of quality of life socialization among residents
Econeighborhood is a long-term investment
The creation of an eco-district requires a high initial investment, but it pays off in the medium term due to the savings resulting from the entire life cycle of the buildings. Furthermore, eco-districts often arise Major urban regeneration projectsTransforming former problem areas into replicable resources and models.
Eco-neighborhoods can be considered a microcosm of smart cities, where connections between different components of a neighborhood are easier to design, monitor, and manage. However, this does not diminish their importance; Rather, they represent An extraordinary opportunity to experiment with new urban strategies and models, with the aim of making cities gradually more sustainable and liveable. Given the importance of addressing the environmental impact of cities, particularly considering that 70% of the European population lives in urban areasIt is necessary to harness the potential offered by eco-districts to create mini smart cities within the cities.
Some Italian eco-neighborhoods
In Italy, compared to other European countries, we are a little late in adopting eco-districts, despite the fact that they are a precious opportunity for sustainable urban regeneration, given the advanced age of our cities and infrastructure. It is a matter of special relevance. a successful caseEcovillage Montale, located south of Modena, which fully adopts the principles of sustainable development, combining innovative architecture and social welfare. This eco-neighborhood Focuses on energy efficiencyon quality of life, on CO2 emission reduction and on sustainability, with buildings designed according to sustainable architecture norms and large green spaces.
There is also a notable project Plinio Park in RomeA 4-hectare area consisting of six wooden residential complexes, which aims to promote Green buildings and biocompatibility, with the use of renewable energy and reduction of polluting emissions. Another example project is Milan Santa Giulia, which is taking shape due to the redevelopment of an urban area in the south-east of the city. This new neighborhood is designed to provide a wide range of services, various houses integrated into the environment, leisure spaces and spaces for socializing.
A new neighborhood in Milan with almost zero impact
Also in Milan, there is an innovative near-zero energy district called you are milanan ambitious urban regeneration project Designed by Bolognese architect Mario Cucinella. This development is currently under construction in the western area of the city with an investment of over 250 million euros. Sei Milano is sure to be made multifunctional neighborhoodWhich includes residences, offices and shops located in the Bisceglie area, which occupies 300 thousand square meters of space within a large public park.
The residences and offices were designed with a clear vision of sustainability from the beginning, aiming to achieve near-zero energy building status. A system has been implemented for residences Energy production based on district heating and district cooling, The latter, in particular, exploits the heat produced by energy production systems to create chilled water through refrigeration units, allowing rooms to be cooled through the same elements used for winter heating. The result is that Almost complete reduction in CO2 emissions, In addition, a photovoltaic system has been installed that will help cover part of the energy needs of the common areas of the neighborhood.
Role of greenery in eco-district
The project grows into a huge 16 hectare park Which was described by the architect Cucinella as a “garden city”. The concept was born from the connection between the main residences and the park, which was designed by the French landscape designer Michel Desvigne. The park was designed according to a design inspired by the Po Valley and offers green spaces with different functions, including urban gardens, shared gardens, play areas and a forest strip that acts as a natural barrier to the park. . Plants were carefully and optimally selected Species with high CO2 capture capacityLow maintenance, native (such as maple, poplar and willow) and with low water requirements, thus creating ideal micro-habitats for local fauna.
Attributed to architect Cucinella Of utmost importance to the circular economy, a key element in the early design phase, which also involved companies such as Planet Smart City, a global leader in the intelligent social living field. This cooperation started from the sustainability framework and united nations sustainable development goals And allowed to analyze the needs of the community. Together, they have developed an application that residents can use to stay constantly updated on neighborhood activities, park services and wellness offers for residents.