A group of researchers has succeeded in using artificial intelligence to understand the formation of rogue waves, very dangerous giant waves. Instead of the usual “black box” created by an undecipherable algorithm, AI, they managed to create a predictive model understandable by a human.
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Despite the current trend, artificial intelligence (AI) is not limited to generating text or images only. Most of all, it is a tool capable of analyzing large amounts of data to detect trends that often escape human observation. Researchers at the Universities of Copenhagen and Victoria used AI to explain its formation evil wavesevil wavesAnd build a predictive model.
Rogue waves are giant waves that sailors have known about for centuries, but for the first time researchers managed to measure them in 1995. Known as the Draupner wave, its height was measured at 26 metres. One of the most recent observations was off the coast of Canada in November 2020, and measured 17.6 meters high.
There’s a rogue wave every day
In an article published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of ScienceResearchers say they used joys of the seasonjoys of the season To obtain information about sea state, wave height, water depth and bathymetric data equivalent to 700 years of records. They then used AI to analyze this data and create a model of how these waves formedthe equationthe equation Understandable by humans. By far, the most common theory was that a rogue wave was a combination of two waves. According to the researchers, the main cause is actually linear superposition, when two wave systems intersect and reinforce each other.
The researchers noted up to 100,000 rogue waves in their data, or one rogue wave per day anywhere in the ocean, though not all of them are monstrous in size. According to them, their algorithm will make it possible to predict when the ideal conditions for the formation of rogue waves will be met. This will allow ships, and especially the 50,000 cargo vessels at sea at any given time, to choose safe routes to avoid these dangerous waves.