The Government intends to renew the Citizenship Income, with some precautions, considering it an effective measure to combat poverty and unemployment. But what is the cost of this measure and what are the advantages offered? These questions are answered by an analysis by the Cgia di Mestre, a consortium association representing small businesses and artisans, which reveals all the limits of this income support measure.
A seat costs twice as much as a private one
Each job “created” with the Citizenship Income (RdC) cost the State at least 52,000 euros, more than double what a private company spends for a full-time permanent worker which, on average, costs around 25 thousand euros. To achieve this result, it was considered that, in the face of over a better number of recipients, only 152 thousand have found a job thanks to navigators, after having received the RdC for a year equal to almost 7 thousand euros. The INPS therefore incurred, for these 152,000 new employees, an expense of 7.9 billion euros, equal to just over 52,000 euros if compared to each single new employee.
A flop to fight unemployment
The DRC also proves to be a failure as a tool to find a job and therefore to fight unemployment. In fact, in 2.5 years, 19.6 billion has been spent: 3.8 in 2019, 7.2 in 2020 and 8.6 billion for the current year. An expenditure of 7.7 billion is expected for 2022.
In the face of a conspicuous expenditure, however, the possibility of finding a permanent permanent job) is very low. Of the 3.5 million recipients of income (1.5 million households), in fact, just 1.15 million have signed a Pact for work, that is to say they are made available to find a job and only 152 thousand they have indeed found stable employment.
According to the ANPAL, people who perceive the RdC are difficult to employ and the probability of being unemployed after 12 months is close to 90 percent, since this group of subjects has insufficient work experience behind them.
20% live in the provinces of Caserta and Naples, where a total of almost 703 thousand beneficiaries of the RdC are concentrated. Equally significant is the number of RdCs provided by INPS in large metropolitan areas: in Rome they are 240,065, in Palermo 212,544, in Catania 169,250, in Milan 122,873, in Turin 104,638 and in Bari 92,233.