The members of the Breakthrough Prize foundation were not mistaken and we can legitimately think that Katalin Karikó is now in the anteroom of the Nobel Prize for Medicine 2021. The Hungarian biologist, pioneer of messenger RNA vaccines, has just come from receive, like Emmanuelle Charpentier before her, the Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences.
Science and technology have radically transformed the material bases of the noosphere, the collective mind of humanity in a way, as well as the noosphere itself, like no other enterprise ofHomo sapiens. The names of the major part of the holders of the powers and of the “stars” in the society of the time of, Plato, , Descartes and Maxwell have faded from collective memory, and there will undoubtedly not be much left in the future of those who constitute today’s celebrities. But their names and those of Pasteur, , Where , to name a few, will certainly continue to resonate in future centuries.
The fact remains that today’s scientific superstars are not considered as such elsewhere when compared to certain names in sport, cinema or finance.
Perhaps this is because of the status of scientists, almost superheroes in the world ofwhere he was born, that Russian billionaire Yuri Milner, co-founder and current chairman of the Hong Kong investment fund DST Global, specializing in investments , has set up since 2012 a series of prizes worth millions of dollars for of World Science.
The winners ofof these prices for 2022 have just been announced on the and numerous videos about the laureates and their work accompany the . The most significant announcement concerns, without a doubt, the millions of dollars awarded to vaccine pioneers in and those who have enabled new techniques to of – which have drastically lowered the prices and the time required – techniques which have proved to be crucial for the rapid deployment of these vaccines in the face of the Covid 19 crisis.
The Hungarian-born biologist, Katalin Karikó, and her colleague Drew Weissman in the first place, are thus rewarded. Next come, for sequencing techniques, Shankar Balasubramanian, David Klenerman and Pascal Mayer. Thanks to them, a day is enough to sequence a person’s genome and at a cost of around $ 600. This represents a revolution in relation to the price and the time necessary for the success of thelaunched in the last century and ended in 2003 (billions of dollars and years).
A presentation of the Breakthrough Prize and the winning superheroes of 2022, Science being the superpower of Humanity as this video highlights at its beginning. © The Breakthrough Prize Foundation
New Nobels for Physics, Life Sciences and Mathematics
It all started with therewarding who have made an important contribution to human knowledge – that they take care of theoretical, mathematical or experimental – working on the deepest mysteries of . Thus, in 2012, three million dollars were allocated to and the same sum was shared among seven of the most important members of the whose work led to the probable discovery of , thanks to Atlas detectors and of .
Recall that Yuri Milner began by training as a theoretical physicist specializing inin the 1980s in Russia. This led him to rub shoulders with the future Nobel Prize in physics. and become friends with Andrei Sakharov, one of the first physicists to build bridges between and elementary particle physics. No doubt realizing that he could never become as brilliant as these giants, he then turned to finance, where he made his fortune.
In 2013, Milner and his wife Julia began expanding the content of the Breakthrough Prize along with(co-founder of ) and Anne Wojcick, by Priscilla Chan and for . This resulted in the Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences rewarding advances in medicine and biology. Among the laureates, we counted in particular that same year and, in 2015, .
A presentation of the gestation for several decades of RNA vaccines, from idea to manufacture, with the testimonies of the Hungarian-born biologist Katalin Karikó but also of the French Steve Pascolo. Report by Alain Orange. Extract from the special broadcast of January 27, 2021 ” Vaccines: can we trust them? » . © 36.9
These prizes are a bit of a new kind of Nobel Prize, more flexible and aim to reward researchers who have had a great impact on the development of their field, even if their work has not yet necessarily received direct experimental confirmation. In 2014, Mark Zuckerberg and Yuri Milner joined forces to also finance a Breakthrough Prize in Mathematics.
Recently Milner uploaded the text of the, a book in which he presents his thoughts on the place of humanity in the Universe and our role in its future.
RNA vaccines are particularly safe and effective
According to a joint statement from the National Academy of Medicine, the National Academy of Pharmacy and the Academy of Sciences, in France, messenger RNA is.
Futura devoted an entire article tothat can be viewed in addition to the video above. Jacques Augé, university professor in , explained to us that the biologist ” began his research on mRNA in Hungary until 1985, then emigrated to the United States at the age of 30. She continued her research at the University of Pennsylvania, but her work did not interest many people and she had great difficulty in finding funding. On the other hand, she had total confidence in herself, in her projects. ».
It is unthinkable to ignore the number ofand pseudosciences that have spread over the concerning mRNA vaccines, their supposed dangerousness, supposedly supported by facts. These untruths kill, as explained , or cause long by encouraging not to be vaccinated. They also lead some people to threaten doctors and other people involved in the fight against the disease with death or violent action. of Covid 19. This is unacceptable and several voices have risen by intervening directly on social networks and in the media such as .
With regard to many questions that can be asked about mRNA vaccines and the campaign of , director of the immunotherapy laboratory of , in the video below. The researcher denounces in particular the fake news and other disinformation.in Israel, it is absolutely essential to listen to the explanations of
The explanations of Cyrille Cohen, director of the immunotherapy laboratory at Bar Ilan University in Israel. © Cyrille Cohen
For more complete explanations, but still affordable, regarding ALL vaccines against Covid-19, we will consult the video of Thibault Fiolet.
© Thibault Fiolet – Quoidansmonassiette